The QSAR Toolbox is a software application intended to be used by member countries, chemical industry and other stakeholders in filling gaps in (eco)toxicity data needed for assessing the hazards of chemicals. The Toolbox incorporates information and tools from various sources into a logical workflow. Crucial to this workflow is grouping chemicals into chemical categories.
A chemical category is a group of chemicals whose physicochemical and human/health and/or environmental toxicological properties and/or environmental fate properties are likely to be similar or follow a regular pattern as a result of structural similarity. In the category approach, not every chemeical needs to be tested for every endpoint. Rather, the overall data for that category must prove adequate to support a hazard assessment. The overall data set must allow the estimation of the hazard for the untested endpoints. Data gap filing can be done using read-across from one tested chemical to an untested chemical. Detailed guidance on grouping of chemicals has also been published in the series on Testing and Assessment.
The QSAR Toolbox allows a user to systematically group chemicals according to the presence or modulation of a particular effect for all members of the category based on the presumption of a common chemical or toxicological mechanism or mode of action. In the same way, the Tooolbox is able to quickly evaluate all members of a category for common toxicological behaviour or consistent trends among important regulatory endpoint data.
The categories approach used in the Toolbox:
The Toolbox estimates missing values by:
The latest version of the QSAR Toolbox can be found here.